Wednesday, June 3, 2020
According to this year's rankings from Business Insider, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology is the top college in the U.S. The list, now in its seventh year, is based on opinions from 1,000 of their readers, and other statistics, including the schools' average SAT scores and median starting salaries after graduation. This week, however, the folks at Business Insider dug a little deeper into their results and focused only on answers from respondents who are actively hiring new employees. They created a new ranking list using this information, which differed only slightly from the original. (Spoiler alert: MIT was bumped from the top spot!) So if you or your child are hungry for future success, these are the colleges you'll want to focus on. But remember, these schools are highly selective and quite costly. Be sure to start building your profile and asking for recommendation letters, and if you haven't started saving you'll want to get a strategy in place as soon as possible. The College Savings Planner can give you an idea about how much you should put away each month to reach your goal. And get started on those scholarship applications Ã¯ ¿ ½ you don't have to be a star athlete to land money for school. According to hiring managers, these are the top 10 colleges in the U.S.: View the full list here 10. University of California at Berkeley Starting salary: $59,500 Overall top college ranking: #15 9. Dartmouth College Starting salary: $55,500 Overall top college ranking: #10 8. University of Pennsylvania Starting salary: $59,300 Overall top college ranking: #9 7. Columbia University Starting salary: $59,200 Overall top college ranking: #8 6. Duke University Starting salary: $59,500 Overall top college ranking: #7 5. Princeton University Starting salary: $60,000 Overall top college ranking: #4 4. Yale University Starting salary: $58,500 Overall top college ranking: #6 3. Stanford University Starting salary: $62,900 Overall top college ranking: #2 2. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Starting salary: $70,300 Overall top college ranking: #1 1. Harvard University Starting salary: $57,700 Overall top college ranking: #3 RELATED: Help get your child into a top school Photo credit: John Phelan According to this year's rankings from Business Insider, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology is the top college in the U.S. The list, now in its seventh year, is based on opinions from 1,000 of their readers, and other statistics, including the schools' average SAT scores and median starting salaries after graduation. This week, however, the folks at Business Insider dug a little deeper into their results and focused only on answers from respondents who are actively hiring new employees. They created a new ranking list using this information, which differed only slightly from the original. (Spoiler alert: MIT was bumped from the top spot!) So if you or your child are hungry for future success, these are the colleges you'll want to focus on. But remember, these schools are highly selective and quite costly. Be sure to start building your profile and asking for recommendation letters, and if you haven't started saving you'll want to get a strategy in place as soon as possible. The College Savings Planner can give you an idea about how much you should put away each month to reach your goal. And get started on those scholarship applications Ã¯ ¿ ½ you don't have to be a star athlete to land money for school. According to hiring managers, these are the top 10 colleges in the U.S.: View the full list here 10. University of California at Berkeley Starting salary: $59,500 Overall top college ranking: #15 9. Dartmouth College Starting salary: $55,500 Overall top college ranking: #10 8. University of Pennsylvania Starting salary: $59,300 Overall top college ranking: #9 7. Columbia University Starting salary: $59,200 Overall top college ranking: #8 6. Duke University Starting salary: $59,500 Overall top college ranking: #7 5. Princeton University Starting salary: $60,000 Overall top college ranking: #4 4. Yale University Starting salary: $58,500 Overall top college ranking: #6 3. Stanford University Starting salary: $62,900 Overall top college ranking: #2 2. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Starting salary: $70,300 Overall top college ranking: #1 1. Harvard University Starting salary: $57,700 Overall top college ranking: #3 RELATED: Help get your child into a top school Photo credit: John Phelan
Saturday, May 16, 2020
Historical Foundation: The historical foundation of people with disability has evolved from a place where people with disabilities were hidden away to present time being involved member of their community. disability. One of the first changes for people with disabilities was the Kennedy Era of 1960. President Kennedy used his platform to challenge the quality of life of people with disabilities. When his MR panel found a non-existing care for people with disabilities, their was a removal of mental institutions for their lack of care of their patient (wk 3 slides). Kennedy used his position as President to find what were the current levels of well-being for people with disability. By having a President take people with disabilities needs into consideration was the beginning in a change of improving the life of people with disabilities. Another revolutionary event that changes the history of people with disabilities was the institution of Willowbrook in New York City. The media covera ge of Willowbrook in *** showed the horrible conditions people with disabilities were living in, and the lack of medical or safety concern for the patient at Willobrook (****). The importance of Willowbrook is the America people were seeing how people with disabilities were being taken of and how they were treated as animal and not as people. Although, Willowbrook is a dark time period for people with disabilities, the benefit of the exposure of Willowbrook is the accountability institutions hadShow MoreRelatedLegal And Historical Background Of The Video Foundations Of Inclusion Birth To Five756 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Legal Historical Background of IDEA According to the video Foundations of Inclusion Birth to Five, we have two people to thank for a lot of our advancements in allowing diversity in the classroom Dr. Ann Turnbull and her husband! They spent many hours in the courtroom fighting endless battles in order to get their son the proper and fair education he deserved. Before the seventies when Ann and her husband had fought against the system it was very common for schools to turn away students withRead MoreHow Self Determination, Education, Has On Children Who Have Special Needs Essay1467 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe purpose of this paper is to explore the effect self-determination, in education, has on children who have special needs. The goal of this paper is to show that people with special needs need to be taught self-determination in order to produce an independent adult who can take care of themselves to their fullest extent. Upon looking at the research cited, it has become evident that a low level of self-determination w ill result in a child that cannot make decisions for themselves. Those studentsRead MoreDisability in Modern British Society1600 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesinequality or disadvantage encountered by disability in modern British Society. Approximately 8.5 million people in the United Kingdom are registered disabled (Office of National Statistics 2002 cited in Giddens 2006:287). Definitions of disability is important to the way in which its nature is investigated and also to its extent in society. This essay will illustrate the broad definitions of disability and the dissimilarity between disability and impairment. It will also discuss howRead MorePortrayal Of The American Girls Professional Baseball League1638 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagessports films in American have established connections between movies and American values, with each sports film providing a different perspective and more depth to different values. With the frequent ties of historical context, movies draw upon real athletes, situations, and struggles. The historical context further represents social and cultural beliefs during the time of the movieÃ¢â¬â¢s setting, helping to portray the past. This paper will discuss several American values identified throughout the moviesRead MoreSocial Darwinism And Its Effects On Society1256 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMany individuals with disabilities, including physical disabilities, have been treated harshly throughout history. Physical disabilities were thought about and viewed differently in history than they are viewed today. Many things that people do not see as a p hysical disability, today, were seen as a physical disability in the past. These people were discriminated, murdered, and even experimented on. Most of the physically disabled were poor and unemployed. In the late eighteenth through early twentiethRead MoreThe Polio Years : A Long Period Of Captivity Essay1118 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesgrowth and development of rehabilitation facilities, and more importantly the response to the disease by Texans. Oddly, Wooten discusses the fact that other diseases such as, measles, diphtheria, and tuberculosis took more lives than Polio. However, people feared Polio more than the rest. Wooten attributes polioÃ¢â¬â¢s terrifying affect to the uncertainty. Several uncertainties such as, how to prevent it, why did some become crippled, why did some die, and why did it only essentially affected children madeRead MoreSpecial Education Essay1700 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesshunned people who were considered different. During the Middle Ages the church provided care for physically or mentally impaired people. The development of techniques associated with special education of today did not emerge until th e Renaissance era. In the mid-1500s Pedro Ponce de Leon succeeded in teaching deaf students in Spain to speak, read, and write. Even though there was success with teaching the deaf, it was not until the late 18th century that attempts were made to educate people withRead MoreCivil Liberties And Civil Rights1329 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCivil Liberties is the right to marry; but, it is actually the Civil Right that extends the right for the LGBT people to marry each other. Civil Rights are mainly about equality for people and the right to be treated equal whereas Civil Liberties state general basic rights for every citizen. Civil Rights focus on individual treatment being equal regardless of age, gender, race, and disability whereas Liberties are broader rights with a focus on freedoms. Freedom from torture, right to life, and rightRead MoreConscience/Money, Power, Fame Sat Essay844 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswhich would put them in a financial disability but they donÃ¢â¬â¢t care because they want to be known and seen as having this car. But some might use ther conscience and know that the better decision is to buy the more normal and less extravagant car in order to make sure their financial disability is stable even though they want that other crazy expensive car. Many people in this world base their decisionson money, fame, and power over conscience. This causes people to make bad decisions which lead toRead MoreGlobal Ethics and Social Responsibility Essay1078 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessafe, almost 20 percent of people still live in poverty, a similar figure 20 years ago. The impact of poverty hit solid on Peru as it is one of the highest in Latin America. These may be to the due that the population lacking education on health. Environment Lake Titicaca which is located on the borderline of Peru and Bolivia is a specific environmental concern because of its significance and livelihood as resource for agriculture and navigation and for its historical/spiritual value. The extreme
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In this course, History 101 Western Civilization to 1689, the five things I have learned are: HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s life and writings; Aristotle, and his synthesis of early thinkers; Alexander the Great, and his legacy; Julius Caesar, and his power; and finally, Martin Luther, and his influence. I feel that in this course I learned more about people in history than I have ever learned before. These people I am discussing have made tremendous impacts on the world and have allowed so much growth in western civilization. The topics I have picked to discuss are the most important to me because they symbolize, in my mind, eras, and the great changes of the world, mainly through mindset and belief. These five topics show how people are needed to make changes, and to make history, and how the ideas that are brought before these times have lasted the years. The first major thing that I learned was about Homer; who he was and how his writings Ã¢â¬Å"helped shape the Greek spirit and Greek religionÃ¢â¬ (Perry, Chase and Jacob). I feel that Homer, and his works, such as Ã¢â¬Å"IliadÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The OdysseyÃ¢â¬ , were very important because they allowed a transformation in the views of an individual. Homer placed the individual as another force of life that has the power to change events and determine their own lives, not just the gods, in his works. Ã¢â¬Å"HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s view of the eternal order of the world and his conception of the individual striving for excellence that brought honor and esteem form the foundations of the GreekShow MoreRelatedReflection About Communication1011 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessignificant thing learned since the course began? A: Prior to class starting, I never knew how essential communication is for our everyday life. One new thing that I learned is the five needs that communication addresses (Floyd, pg 4-6): Physical Relational Identity Spiritual Instrumental Learning about the five basic needs that communication provides, I was able to understand not just the benefits of having strong social ties, but how communication fulfills everyday needs that we humans have. Q:Read MoreStudy Skills And Learning Experience958 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesexperience. These fifteen week I have spent in study skills have taught me a lot about college. When I first got to Troy I was on probation. By the end of the first semester I was off of probation, and I thought I had everything in hand. But by then end of the second semester last year I put back on at the end of the year. As I sat down over the summer I had come to a realization that I had no true idea on what it meant to study or take notes. So this semester I decided to take study skills to helpRead MoreWhat I Learned From This Course866 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesI would like to begin my Essay explaining all that I learned from this course. The first thing I learned was my Learning Patterns and how to use them not only in my course through school but my everyday life. Learning how my brain-mind connection workÃ¢â¬â¢s best for me. In this course, I was able to learn how I was already using my Learning Patterns before I even knew what they were and how valuable they are to myself and my future goals. I learned where I may use one pattern more than the other, orRead MoreReflections Of Oral Communications Class And Plans For Continued Progress965 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesat Brenau and I was nervous about how things would go. Despite the fact that it was online and only five weeks, I enjoyed speech class and I feel like I learned a great deal a short time. I will share with you my insights on how I improved; my plan for applying my knowledge in the future and some skills I feel like I gained from taking the course. As I reflect on the class and how I improved I think first to how nervous I felt about having to speak on camera. In my previous job I had to speak inRead MoreWhy I Learned About International Business974 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThere were many things that I like about the class and there was nothing that I did not like at all. The things I liked about the class were reading the book Chosen. I really enjoyed being able to learn about International Business. This course was for semester five students but I was able to get in and I am glad that I was. One of the reasons I like the class was also that the teacher Rabih Hitti was easy going and kept the class engaged in the discussions and made the class stay awake for the 1:30Read MoreMy First Online Class At Brenau And I Was Nervous953 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesat Brenau and I was nervous about how things would go. Despite the fact that it was online and only five weeks, I enjoyed speech class and I feel like I learned a great deal in a sh ort time. I will share with you my insights on how I improved; my plan for applying my knowledge in the future and some skills I feel like I gained from taking the course. As I reflect on the class and how I improved I think first to how nervous I felt about having to speak on camera. In my previous job I had to speakRead MoreWhat I Learned From This Course865 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesI would like to begin my essay explaining all that I learned from this course. The first thing I learned was my Learning Patterns and how to use them not only in my course through school but my everyday life. Learning how my brain-mind connection workÃ¢â¬â¢s best for me. In this course, I was able to find out how I was already using my Learning Patterns before I even knew what they were and how valuable they are to myself and my future goals. I learned where I may use one pattern more than the other,Read MoreDescriptive Essay About My Mother949 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshow chaotic things can become there has always been one person that I can turn to, my mom. SheÃ¢â¬â¢s been a wealth of advice to call on when IÃ¢â¬â¢m clueless and a shoulder to cry on when IÃ¢â¬â¢m down . Her compassion for others inspires me to be a better person as does the guidance she has given me over the years. SheÃ¢â¬â¢s not afraid to give me a reality check and to tell me the things I donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to hear even though I need to. She keeps me grounded and teaches me to appreciate the smaller things in life. EvenRead MoreMy Personality Test For General Psychology1742 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesgeneral psychology in Lab 2, I am both intrigued and surprised by my results. Prior to this class, I have taken other personality profile tests due to my fascination with the way the human mind works. I have found that understanding my own personality, as well as the personalities of others helps immensely when trying to interact and relate to the people closest to us. Before I began this summary, I needed to know more about the determination of me being an ESFJ. Initially, I did not agree with the findingsRead MoreNorms Of A Norm Violation869 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSome things I do in my life can be considered a norm or a norm violation. Norm violations are stepping away from what our society considers to be a norm. There are a few different types of norms. Norms that are not enforced are called folkways. Folkways can be considered people who are half naked in a gay parade. Norms that are strictly enforced because they are a core value of a group are mores. Mores are when a woman would be exposing her breast in the gay parade. On February 17, 2016 I decided
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About The Designed To Evaluate How Ethical Ideas? Answer: Introduction The past period has seen the growth in the oil and gas industries which have propelled the momentum of the energy sector and modified the view of the local populations towards the activities of the companies. The business ethics defining the corporate and firms structure of the government in charge lack credibility and responsibility towards the citizens. Unethical practices such as careless management decision making and the oil firms attitude towards their environment have put the life of the surrounding ecosystem in to a risk. People who were initially dependant on small scale fishing and farming in the neighbourhood for their livelihood finding themselves in a tight situation due to the polluted environments. With the widening of the energy business the oil and gas industry currently continuous to encounter challenges. Secure extraction of these resource is becoming a factor with several employees finding themselves exposed to risks of injury or even health issues. With the resou rce and wealth generated from the industry the society expect giving back in terms of support to solve societal issues of which the sector has failed. In addition, the extraction of oil has resulted in oil spills polluting the regions and causing massive disappearance of life. Gradually the countries are developing policies to protect themselves from these disasters but the ethical issues are yet to be taken seriously if recent repetitive occurrences in the sector are anything to The relationship between management of ethical risk in the oil and gas industry and reduction in the accidents. Due to the several risks surrounding the oil and gas industry the industry stake holders drafted several ethical issues to assist curtail the disasters and the magnitude of the aftermath of the disasters should an industry experience one. Form the case study we see several cases under which failure to manage ethical issues have directly impacted on severe accidents. In the wreck of the Exxon Valdez the first situation occurs when Gregory Cousins take the captaincy of a very large crucial ship ferrying very risky product in a sea which he is not licenced to operate in it becomes even worse to note that the pilot of this ship was spending time sleeping thereby neglecting his duties I purpose. On the other hand, after the wreck the pilot tries to free the ship from the reef by rocking the tanker. Even though the sea guard expertly advised against this he goes ahead hence causing a severe spillage of oil into the sea When the officials of the Exxon acknowledged putting the ship on the hands of a drunkard undergoing treatment then the ethical connection to the accident just becomes too visible. The Deep-water Horizon oil spillage further supports this notion that poor management of ethical issues is the back bone of majority of the accidents (Huntington, 2009). Prior to the accident, we researchers point out to numerous ethical issues which it was to be addressed in advance would have obviously impacted in reducing the possibility of the disasters. BP firm preferred less costly oil well design which increased the risk of the accident, also the experts observed that the firm management neglected vital procedures which were meant to test the presence of gases in the pipes a condition which seemingly led to the explosion (Minerals Management Service, 2011). This ethical negligence further becomes painful to the victims of the disaster when observers indicate that the experts gave a go-ahead to the process after observing warning signs during their safety test on the oil rig. It evident form this case study that there is a perfect positive correlation between the number accidents occurring and the poor management of ethical risks in the oil and gas sector. Despite the managers being aware of the riskiness of their environment of operation and the huge health and environmental consequences brought about by accidents in the area. It quit unimaginable how they can afford to take such a risk only considering their potential profits Comparison of the risks faced by BP, Exxon and the Fracking industry in their bid to adequately supply energy The oil and gas segment is characterised by tapping invisible, under pressure underground petroleum resources and try to abstract those resources securely from the ground. After the extraction, the products are mainly ferried for a long distance through the pipeline or ocean destined tankers (Nossiter, 2010). In addition, the refinement of the product is carried out via a combination of technical chemical combinations comprised with higher pressures and high temperatures. Every single stage involves in the petroleum and gas mining, processing and transportation are under the operations of people which historically have proven to be susceptible errors. The BP, Exxon and Fracking industry are all involve in the oil and gas sector and for that purpose they tend to face similar risks when it comes to their quest to supply energy adequately to the population. These risks are generalised into environmental, health, safety, and liability and reputational. The environment risk has been one of the major issue when it comes to petroleum and gas products. Just like other forms of extracting the natural resources oil and gas mining is not carried out in a vacuum rather they are undertaken in areas which have various forms of life developing. From the sea life in the oceans where oil and gas mining often takes place to the land animals. As indicated by the case study the various human error which often lead to accidents have been evidenced to portray a heavy consequence to life. When the Exxon Valdez wrecked in the year 1989, the oil spillage spreads rapidly in few days killing thousands of sea birds, sea otters and the entire wildlife which was in the shoreline environment. The prince Willian Sound area where the accident occurred at that time was home to several species of birds. These environmental effects flowed to the people who were dependant on that part of the sea for fishing, an industry that was estimated to generate of $100 million annually. Even up to now as the ExxonMobil insists on the recovery of the area researchers are still indicating that toxins are still leaking from the Exxon Valdez oil which remains on the beaches and hence continuing to harm the wildlife. This risk is once again portrayed in the Deep-water Horizontal oil spill which saw an oil rig explode and release million gallons of oil into the Mexican gulf killing thousands of marine animals with scientists indicating that there is still oil lurk in the seafloor and hence offering a threat to coral reefs and other marine life. Similarly Fracking even though deemed safer compared to petroleum and gas in terms of environmental risks the case study indicates that these statistics seems to be misleading. These challenges are similar only that when it comes to fracking the environmental impacts tend to affect individuals hence a bit suppressed. An example is the release of radioactive gases and reduce the value of homes in the areas which Fracking is taking place are some of the issues affecting their environments not forgetting to add seismic waves to the group. Another risky area that have impacted on the sustainability of firms operating on the oil and gas sector is the health issue. First, the mining and consumption of the petroleum products and natural gases have been with associated with release of toxins into the atmosphere and the surroundings in general. This have led to emergence of a series of health issues. In the Fracking segment, we see randy Mayer an employee at one of the firms undertaking mining going through a series of health issues from the toxics he interacted with when on duty. Also, a couple is complaining of the death of their animals after allowing fracking to take place in their land an indication that there is toxics coming out of the process which are harmful to health. The massive death of wildlife from the sea plants and animals caused by the BP and Exxon Valdez oil spillage is just an example of how harmful the oil and gas is when it comes to health. This makes a major risk to the existence of the oil and gas in dustries. As much as safety is related to health when it comes to riskiness it is observed to be an independent issue. The Deep-water horizon spill is a very clear illustration of what safety is all about. Both the BP, Exxon and Fracking are activities which are carried out in very vulnerable conditions. The case study gives perfect evidence of the riskiness when it comes to safety from animals to the employees directly involved in this segment. A refinery under the BP care exploded in Texas and killed 15 employees, again in April 2010 an oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico exploded and killed a total of 11 employees. In the Fracking segment, we see the author showing concern over the magnitude of people who will be affected by catastrophizes in the sector due to the proximity to human settlement of the of the operations of fracking. Liability even though a risk that have little effect to life hence not loudly mentioned is a very heavy risk to the firms. In the Exxon Valdez wreck the case study clearly indicate the heavy penalties the firms suffered in liability for failing to prevent the accidents. First in the oil spillage BP firm and the Exxon spent billions of shillings clearing the oil spill. They are further forced to compensate the other users of the sea for the loss of income arising from the pollution of the sea. Though Fracking sector is yet to be affected by a large-scale accident its proximity to the general population is just an indication of the level of liability the firms will carry shall they see a disaster in their operations. Further we look at the reputational risk which is associated with any form of accident in the firms. When the Exxon Valdez wrecked, we see the public outcry forcing the firm to complete the clearing of the oil spillage that tells you what the public perception is regarding the responsibility of the firm to the accident. The same fate is also suffered by BP when accidents occurred at their firm. We see the frim even undergoing the extent of changing their name to try win back the public trust after the accidents. The fact that several countries from France to Germany as well as Bulgaria have banned the fracking activities tells it all on how the reputational risk is a challenge to the firms in the oil and gas sector. How ethical leadership helps the oil and gas industry manage risks The area of operations of the oil and gas extraction services is surrounded by risks which are impossible to mitigate without a unique procedure of business operations. On our case study, we visualise several risks which were simply occurred because of negligence to adhere to the ethical leadership standards (Faure, 2005). During the aftermath of the Exxon disaster experts pointed out several issues which indicates lack of ethical leadership thereby contributing to the risks. Should captain Joseph Hazelwood taken his leadership responsibility of steering the ship safely the accident had a chance of having been avoided. But even after the wreck he still goes ahead to depict unethical leadership when he tries to wreck the ship free even after being made aware his behaviour was increasing the magnitude of oil spillage. This situation and increased risk of liability, health and environmental could have been prevented if ethical leadership qualities were exhibited. The situation is even m ade controllable should the Exxon officials adhered to the ethical requirements and disallowed operation of such an important ship by a drunk captain (amseur, 2013). Immediately after the disaster we observe a massive unpreparedness from the disaster management company which further propelled the magnitude of risk encountered. From disarray of oil containment equipment to wastage of very vital time from their unstable and in appropriate decision making (Roach, 2010). When we are told about the nature of skimmer boats which were being used to clear the disaster our conclusion that unethical leadership is what propelled the liability risk higher is undisputable. Considering the firms decision to save 22million instead of building a second hull and the failure of the CEO to visit the scene or comment on the disaster for up to 6 days after the disaster we observe a level of carelessness in the management which directly increased the risks of the firm. The careless and unethical leadership style is again portrayed by the BP organisation, instead of focusing on effective risk prevention techniques after the Exxon accident the managers engage in array of risky unethical leadership decisions which eventually led to severe loss to the firm (Environ International Corporation, 2007). The managers by choosing cheap means of extraction by shortening the equipment testing procedures and constructing a cheaper but risky oil rig designs only tarmacs the road to disasters. The situation in the Fracking sector is not different either experts have clearly outlines procedures which if followed will eventually reduce the risks associated with the process to acceptable levels. Its therefore up to the people in charge of the operations to adhere to this ethical standard to minimise the risks threatening the sustainability of the sector. Management of this cases illustrated is a sure way of reducing the risks and so ethical leadership is just the obvious way forward (Pechan, 2006). Conclusion The oil and gas industry is one very profitable sector. Due the environment of its operations the sector s one very risky venture. Despite the risks, it has attracted several firms such as Exxon and BP organisation (Argonne National Laboratory, 2004). The sector has asset of code of ethics that define the way its run but greed for money have seen firm such as BP preferring to build their public image through lies but without putting in place adequate techniques to combat risk of distress in the firm. The explosion of the oil rig combined with number of expert opinions is a strong evidence to this failure to portray ethical leadership. On the hand the management of Exxon ship wreck is another depicter of the consequences of failure to adhere to the ethical issues in the sector. Even though the Fracking sector is just arising there are already pointed issues such as the release of casino genic toxins to release of dangerous gases into the atmosphere which need immediate attention to ensure its sustainability. In conclusion, the case study is a pure evident of how adhering to the ethical codes will massively improve the nature and extent of disasters to the sector (American Petroleum Institute, 2000). References American Petroleum Institute, 2000. Overview of Exploration and Production Waste Volumes and Waste Management Practices in the United States, USA: American Petroleum Institute. amseur, J. L., 2013. Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters, s.l.: Congressional Research Service. Argonne National Laboratory, 2004. A White Paper Describing Produced Water from Production of Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Coal Bed Methane, s.l.: U.S. Department of Energy. Environ International Corporation, 2007. WRAP Oil Gas: 2002/2005 and 2018 Area Source Controls Evaluation, Western Regional Air Partnership, Stationary Sources Joint Forum Working Group, May 30, 2007, s.l.: Environ International Corporation,. Faure, M. . H. W., 2005. Economic Analysis of Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage. , Maastricht.: University of Maastricht. Huntington, S. B. a. H., 2009. Estimating U.S. Oil Security Premiums, s.l.: EMF OP 68. Minerals Management Service, 2011. Budget Justifications and Performance Information, s.l.: Minerals Management Service. Nossiter, A., 2010. Far From Gulf, a Spill Scourge 5 Decades Old. [Online] Available at: https://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/17/world/africa/17nigeria.html [Accessed 31 May 2017]. Pechan, E., 2006. 2018 SO2 Emissions Evaluation for Non-Utility Sources Final Report, s.l.: Western Governors Association, Stationary Sources Joint Forum. Roach, B. . H. J. M., 2010. The Gulf Oil Spill: Economic and Policy Issues. , Medford: : Global Development and Environmental Institute..
Saturday, April 18, 2020
Study of Consumer Behaviour on Soaps Paper Our research project studied the influence of price as the major factor in the purchase behavior of Indian consumers by studying the purchase behavior of soap in a sample of students. As price is traditionally considered as one of the most important of 4 PÃ¢â¬â¢s of marketing, and a review of past literature showed an existing link between price and the purchase behavior, the topic was chosen to study. A convenient sample of 40 students was asked to respond to questionnaire containing multiple choice, scale and dichotomous questions with a focus on price of soaps. The results were analyzed with the emphasis on finding the important attributes of soap considered by consumers and how they ranked of price among the most important attributes in soaps. Gender analyses of the results were also done to find the change of the perception of price among men and woman. Respondents were also tested on their knowledge of the phenomenon of hidden pricing. The results were analyzed and were plotted in graphs to arrive at the proof for testing our hypothesis. A. Introduction 1. Problem Statement We will write a custom essay sample on Study of Consumer Behaviour on Soaps specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Study of Consumer Behaviour on Soaps specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Study of Consumer Behaviour on Soaps specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Consumer behavior is a complex, dynamic, multidimensional process, and all marketing decisions are based on assumptions about consumer behavior. The 4 PÃ¢â¬â¢s (Price, promotion, product and place) are considered to be the marketing-mix variables that influence the consumers of a product. From a sellerÃ¢â¬â¢s view, these four are the marketing tools available to influence buyers. From a buyerÃ¢â¬â¢s point of view, each of these marketing tools is designed to provide a customer benefit. Out of the marketing-mix variables, traditionally, price has been the major determinant of a buyerÃ¢â¬â¢s choice. This is still in case with large segments of buyers across the globe. Although non-price factors have gained a lot of importance in the last few decades, price still remains an important factor in determining sales and profitability. Price exerts its influence in FMCG (Fast moving consumer goods) and marketers have tried to introduce new factors such as superior packaging, better advertisements, and increased number of choices to reduce the influence of price. The increased efforts are more visible in this product category as there is more competition for all segments in this market. Despite the extensive research, marketers still have poorly understood pricing and pricing strategies have become very important in determining the success of a product and a company. 2. Research Objectives/Hypotheses The objective of this research is to provide the insight into the degree of influence of price as the most important factor in the purchase decision of soap by a consumer, in order to provide a clear insight into the effect of price and the change of price in product sales which will help marketers to develop better pricing strategies and to plan for the optimum mix of the marketing-mix variables. Null hypothesis: Price is the most important attribute that influences the purchasing decision of soaps. Alternate hypothesis: Price does not play a significant role in the purchase decision of soaps. 3. Rationale for Approach The study started with collecting and reviewing existing literature in consumer behavior to ascertain the various factors of influence. Pricing related studies are also taken into account to find and conclude the presence of a research gap in studies relating FMCG sector (soaps in particular) and price to the behavior of consumers in southern India. 4. Value: in terms of Possible Outcomes The outcomes will provide the answer to the research questions of whether price plays a role in consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s minds while evaluating soap as a product and how much of an influence does price play in the buying decision. It will also give us an insight into whether price has the effect of overcoming customer loyalty and change habits and buying pattern. 5. Limitations of the study 1. The sample was fairly homogenous in terms of education level and income level. 2. The shopping behavior of the sample was not varied. 3. The study did not focus on the discount offers given on soaps. B. Methodology/Approach 1. General Research Design 2. Specific Research Questions 1. What are the factors that play a role in consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s decision of purchase of soaps? 2. Is price the most important attribute on which the consumer bases his purchase decision? 3. Will a change in price of the soap influence the buying decision? 4. Will a price change lead to shift in the customer loyalty to particular brand? 3. Data Collection Population Ã¢â¬â The shopping population of the campus and surrounding areas Ã¢â¬ ¢ Sample Design 40 (Convenience sample). Ã¢â¬ ¢ Measurement methods Survey using personal, structured questionnaire composed of be multiple-choice, dichotomous, scale questions. 4. Questionnaire Format: This Questionnaire was structured in such a way that it includes the profile of the consumer and the following factors related to the consumer behavior. 1. Product/brand attributes 2. Buying pattern/behavior 3. Purchase frequency/ quantity 4. Price of the product 5. Influence of price on the purchase 6. Shift in customer loyalty due to price change 5. Research Schedule: Task |Proposed date of completion | |Collecting responses to questionnaire |30/11/2009 1/12/2009 | |Interpreting the responses from the questionnaire |03/12/2009 | |Discussion regarding analysis of data using statistical tool |05/12/2009 | |Application of the statistical analysis to the data collected. |09/12/2009 | |Forming the results and conclusion |11/12/2009 | C. Literature review: An Exploratory Study of Sales Promotion Activities in Toilet Soap Category: An Insight into Consumer and Retailer Perceptions Kureshi Sonal and Vyas Preeta. In this research paper, an attempt has been made to examine the nature of sales promotion activities in toilet soap category in India, study retailer perceptions with respect to these activities and also get an insight into consumer perceptions of these activities. Findings indicate that with respect to the nature of the schemes, premiums (free gifts) were found to be the most frequently used in both premium and popular toilet soap category, followed by price offs. RetailersÃ¢â¬â¢ perceived price offs had relatively greater impact compared to any other forms of sales promotion. In line with the retailersÃ¢â¬â¢ perceptions, the findings of consumer perceptions indicated that price offs were the most preferred type of sales promotion. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Supplier Attributes That Impact Institutional Buying Behavior A study on FMCG supplies to Hotel Industry Githa S Heggde and D. Sudharani Ravindran. The study on the functional gap implied how and why a particular buyer or a group reacted to the decisions of the producer in selecting a particular product and its utilization. The study of this functional gap proved that effective positioning of the product made the market place work better so that the buyers make better decisions to buy the product. The study involved the consumer involvement in the decision making process through the involvement theory. This theory is about consumer learning, which presumes that the degree of interest in purchase of an item depends upon the risks involved. The involvement is also dependent on nature of the product or service and the psychology of the customer. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Consumer buying behavior in Asian markets Mark Speece. The findings of this study indicated that Asian middle-class was primarily value-orientated. The specific criteria for choice that Asian consumers used was different for various product characteristics. There was strong value orientation for product quality issues and price. Asian consumers looked more closely at product characteristics to ensure a purchase was worth the price they were being asked to pay. Consumers balance off quality and price, which means that they wanted good products, but not necessarily the best which they consider too expensive, or the cheapest which they do not trust in quality terms. Within that, how consumers across Asian markets reach their decisions is not so different from how western consumers reach theirs. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Consumer Buying Behavior of, and Perceptions towards, Retail brand baby products Adelina Broadbridge and Henry Morgan. For some consumers, retail brand products were regarded as superior to well known manufacturers brands (Gallup, 1997). A successful brand was perceived as possessins sustainable unique added values (de Chernatony and McDonald, 1998) or representing a variety of ideas and additional attributes (Gardner, 1955)and this was extended to many retail brand products. A higher risk tolerance usually occurred when the consumer required greater assurance about quality rather than price although for high priced items, social and performance risk slowed the growth of retail brands. D. Analysis of results: [pic] Fig 1. Ranking of soap attributes in purchase of soap Finding 1: Contrary to the assumption, Quality was ranked first by the majority of the people. [pic] Fig 2 Ranking of price by customers while purchasing soap Finding 2: 41. 6% of the respondents ranked price as the second most important attribute they consider while purchasing soap. The price sensitivity of the sample was checked. There were asked to identify for which price range increase they would change their brand. As shown in the bar chart below, most people said that they would change the brand only for a price increase of greater than 15%. [pic] Fig 3 Price sensitivity of consumers buying soap Segmenting the sample on the basis of the gender, the price sensitivity was checked again. It was seen that females showed greater price sensitivity towards higher levels of price increase, while the males showed greater price sensitivity at lower levels of price increase. [pic] Fig 4. Soap price sensitivity difference in males and females. Another aspect that was evaluated was if the respondents were aware of the phenomenon of hidden pricing in soaps. While a majority, i. e. , 85% knew about hidden pricing, a surprising percentage of only 68% said that they would change their brand due to hidden pricing. [pic][pic] Fig 5. Knowledge of hidden pricing among consumers and change in purchase behavior E. Summary: 1. After the analysis of results, we come to conclusion to reject the null hypothesis and accept the alternate hypothesis. 2. Hence, Ã¢â¬Å"Price is not the most significant factor in the purchase decision of soaps. Ã¢â¬Å" We can also see a number of other interesting conclusions Ã¢â¬â We can see that in the purview of soaps based on the considered sample, they are Ã¢â¬ ¢ Majority of the respondents felt that quality is a stronger deciding factor than price. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Most of the respondents were price sensitive only to the higher levels of price increase. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Females are more brand loyal than males in the lower price ranges. They change brands only for a higher price increase. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Though a majority of the respondents knew about the phenomenon of hidden pricing, some of them still donÃ¢â¬â¢t view it as a reason strong enough to change brands. F. Conclusion: G. Scope for further studies:
Saturday, March 14, 2020
The Roles of Women before Suffrage essays The typical woman played a very domestic role in the time before suffrage, or when women spoke out about the rights which they were entitled to, especially the right to vote. That right was officially granted to women in 1920. Women were not thought to be, in any way, equal to men before that time. An educated woman posed a threat to the traditionally accepted way of life. It is because of these bias traditions that women were held back. Women were supposed to obey and respect their husbands, raise and cherish their children, and do all of the household work (i.e. cooking, cleaning, etc.). Women were put down and held back constantly, but that did not stop them from stepping up and taking what they saw as rightfully theirs. In the literature of this time, there were some examples of women who were not the people society told them they should be. Some of these characters were Daisy Miller from Henry James Daisy Miller: A Study, Edna Pontillier from Kate Chopins The Awakening, and Sarah Penn from Mary E. Wilkins Freemans The Revolt of Mother. These women were considered rebels of their time. They were willing to go against the grain. One thing tying all of these characters together was that they were all perfectly aware of what was expected of them. They knew their place in society. They were unwilling, however, to be viewed almost as the African American slaves were, that is, as a piece of property. Sarah Penn knew that moving all of the familys possessions into the barn would create a lot of troubles, mainly for her. However, she was willing to do whatever she deemed necessary to make her case with her husband. Edna Pontillier knew that her relationship with Robert was taboo, but she went ahead and got progressively more involved with him, and even went as far as to get involved with another man when the family moved back to the city. Dai ...
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Discussin question - Essay Example This scope gives way to: record a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s up to date status, to approve continuing tests, services, treatment, or equipment, which give sophisticated directives for health care, and for giving privileges for disabled persons. Gagliardi is behind a number of Legislative efforts following the national healthcare restructuring as having been more defined. She evaluated how the state should prevent child mortality from abuse, a compound issue pitting counties and the state against each other in several ways. As a vice chair of the Human Services Committee and House Health, she organized many other efforts in her legislative session. Gagliardi sponsored a couple of measures to permit Medicaid repayment for services offered by nurses in Colorado, which were implemented and signed by Governor Ritter in 2008. Further, she proposed to lower the minimum age for blood donors to 16years throughout the state. This has improved the health care sector as masses of people can now donate blood as compared to some years back. Most importantly, she made advances to put medical records online. American Nurses Association. (2012). Nurse State Legislators & Administrative Leaders Directory. Nursing World. Retrieved 21 Nov 2012 from